The company noted that its findings are based solely on daughters and sons, because no children identified as gender non-conforming in any of the seven countries surveyed: United States, China, Japan, Poland, Russia, the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom.
In summing up the study, Lego says that “girls are ready for the world but society isn’t quite ready to support their growth through play,” pointing to gender biases against its own products. For instance, 76% of parents said they would encourage their sons to play with Legos, compared to 24% who would recommend it to their daughters.
“New research commissioned by the LEGO Group reveals that girls today feel increasingly confident to engage in all types of play and creative activities, but remain held back by society’s ingrained gender stereotypes as they grow older,” it said.
Other takeaways from the study include:
- Girls feel less restrained by typical gender biases than boys when it comes to creative play. Some 74% of boys, and 62% of girls, expressed belief that some activities are meant just for girls while others are meant for boys.
- Girls are also more open to different kinds of creative play than what their parents and society typically encourage, with 82% of girls believing it’s okay for girls to play football and boys to do ballet — compared to 71% of boys.
- Boys also face prejudice when it comes to playing with toys traditionally perceived as feminine. The survey found that 71% of boys say they worry about being made fun of if they play with a toy typically associated with the other gender, but just 42% of girls do.
- Parents are almost five times as likely to encourage girls (over boys) to engage in activities like dance and dressing up, and more than three times as likely to do the same for cooking and baking. On the other hand, they’re almost four times as likely to encourage boys to engage in sports and more than twice as likely with coding toys.
Researchers say these gender stereotypes impact children’s creative development and, in the longer term, their potential career paths. Parents are six times as likely to think of scientists as men than women, and more than eight times as likely to think of engineers as men than women, according to the Geena Davis Institute.
The building blocks of Lego’s plan
Lego has pledged to collaborate with the Geena Davis Institute and UNICEF to remove gender biases and harmful stereotypes from its products and marketing.
It also published a 10-step guide for inspiring inclusive creative play, and is releasing short films to highlight inspiring and entrepreneurial girls as part of a new “Ready for Girls” campaign.
A spokesperson told NPR over email that the survey reinforces longtime company priorities, noting for instance that customers have not been able to search products by gender online or in Lego stores for years. Instead, they can choose from categories like age, theme, interest and price range.
The company would not elaborate on whether it is planning any changes to specific toys or marketing campaigns. But the spokesperson highlighted some of Lego’s ongoing efforts, like testing all product franchises with both boys and girls and publicly spotlighting strong male and female role models in interviews and at events.
A growing push for gender-neutral kids’ toys
Lego’s efforts are part of a growing trend to make childhood toys more inclusive. In fact, the company’s announcement came just days after California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed legislation requiring large retailers to have non-gendered toy sections beginning in 2024.
The law won’t prohibit department stores from having boys’ and girls’ sections, but requires them to maintain a “reasonable selection” of children’s toys and items in a gender-neutral section. Stores that don’t comply would face a fine of up to $250 on their first offense and up to $500 for their second.
Supporters of the law say it will help increase freedom of expression for children and parents, and note that products marketed to girls often cost more. Conservative critics say the state should not interfere with business owners’ freedom to market their products.